CBD, THC, Cannabinoids, and the Endocannabinoid System

Wiki says that there are at least 113 active cannabinoids in the hemp plant with CBD and THC each being one of those active cannabinoids (more on CBD and THC later). Cannabinoids act on the body’s endocannabinoid system; the endocannabinoid system can be thought of as a nerve messenger to the cannabinoid receptors which can be found throughout the body and are located within individual cells. Endocannabinoids are substances our pets (and our own) bodies naturally make and secrete into their bloodstream. Once into the bloodstream the endocannabinoids attach to and activate the individual cannabinoid receptors.

The brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune system all have cannabinoid receptors and each of the 113 cannabinoids performs a different task(s) within each cell system. The goal of endocannabinoid system is to maintenance a stable internal cell environment despite fluctuations in the external environment around each cell. A good example of a fluctuation in the external environment might be a neighboring cell that has cancer. If the endocannabinoid system becomes depleted or deficient then the body’s cannabinoid receptors can not be activated and thus the individual cell may not be able to maintain itself. All mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles have an endocannabinoid system.

CBD and THC are the most talked about of the 113 cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are primarily found in the flowers while omegas are from the seeds. Let’s start with THC as it has little concern to us. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid; the cannabinoid that produces the “high” from marijuana. The federal legal amount of THC allowed in a product is 0.3% by dry weight. With THC above .3%, the product changes from a hemp product to a marijuana product and becomes illegal. For a broader discussion on THC read this article on this site.

CBD (cannabidiol) is a physiological cannabinoid; meaning that it has the potential for physical benefits vs THC for its psychoactive benefits. CBD is the most abundant and promising of the 113 cannabinoids.

Each animal’s body makes its own cannabinoids; the concern is if the pet has a deficiency in the manufacturing of its own cannabinoids. Correcting a cannabinoid deficiency might mitigate neurological-autoimmune disorders such as:

  • diabetes
  • mental disorders of stress, depression, anxiety
  • inflammation, pain
  • seizures and muscle spasms
  • lack of an appetite, poor digestion, diarrhea
  • nausea, vomiting
  • poor sleeping habits, fatigue
  • growth and death rates of cells

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